Daily Archives: 19/04/2013

Polska

The Polska seems to be the oldest dance collected in Sweden. This musical form found his roots in Sweden in the seventeenth century.

 

 

Famous Swedish dance, Polska is a couple dance composed of two parts: the procession, where couples walk one behind the other counterclockwise, and the turning part.

 

Dancers must tame this curious three times rythm where the emphasis is on time 1 and 3 of the measure. Time 2 is a suspension. It moves across regions, according to the music within the measurement.

The couple walks through in two steps. The boy, for example, does a walk step on the left foot at time 1, then a second step with the right foot on the third time, and continues as much as he wants.

Regarding the turns, the boy must have the initiative. He goes in front of his partner back to the common direction. The embracing couple turns clockwise on the tree time rythm and progresses as the promenade counterclockwise. The feet are between each other which allows a stable rotation.

This is a quiet dance, step are suspended, the movement is fluent, smooth.

What matters  in this dance is the complicity, the relationship to the partner. It must be constantly listen to adjust. The relationship with music, movement of other couples in the room require utmost attention.

Polska music usually have structure of 4, 6, 10 measures with additional measures at the end of sentences. The tempo is slow.

The violin is the instrument most prevalent in Scandinavian folk music, there are many types of flutes (including harmonic flutes) include also nikelharpa, clarinet. Nowadays we can add the diatonic accordion.

 

The polska is a difficult dance you have to learn, re-learn again and again before mastering it and having a pleasure to dance it…

 


Valse ecossaise

The waltz ecossaise is a Scottish folk dance that comes from the classic waltz.

Steps:

Starting position: The dancers are in the position of the waltz.

The cycle of the steps of the dance is by 16 measures. The rhythm is the same as the waltz.

The dance consists of 4 parts,:

Part 1 – Moving three steps to the left of the gentlemen (to the right for the Lady)

Part 2 – Moving two steps to the right of the man (left for the Lady). Moving two steps back for the man (forward for the Lady).

Part 3 – Moving two steps forward for the man (back for the Lady)

Part 4 – Tour of waltz in 4 steps$


SCOTTISH

The scottish is a traditional dance in the tempo 2/4, spread throughout Europe in 19th century.

Scottish appeared in France in the nineteenth century, perhaps originally from England or Germany. According to some researchers it was introduced in 1848 in England by the name of “German Polka” and then renamed to “Scottish” at the beginning of the First World War to avoid referring to Germany. The etymology of the name refers to “scottischer” that is one of steps in Scottish dance.

Steps

The most common pattern evolves into three parts:

The dancers do a polka step (or two steps with a suspension) starting with the left foot for the right.

Then dancers do a polka step in the other direction, starting with the right foot for man, then four steps in a clockwise direction.

This scheme has an infinite number of variations, with the pair tied or loose. It always depend on dancers, who are chosen, and some figures are invented by the dancers.

There are many variations of Scottish depending on the countries. The trend today is to mix styles.

There are also variants  of Scottish in Italy in Sardinia and in Grosseto. In Toscana is called sciòrtis. In Great Poland (one of regions of Polish country) it is called “Dance of Seven”.


Rondeau

Rondeau is a traditional dance from Pays des Landes de Gascogne.

We find different variations, mainly rondeau chain and rondeau couples.

Like many dances, the rondeau  is heir to branles from the Renaissance. This is why the most faithful to the tradition form is shaped chain.

Under the influence of modernity, the chain has evolved into groups of dancers in smaller numbers, until the ultimate form of the couple. As a couple form, the procession continues to move in the direction of clockwise, as the chained form.

Rondeau in chain

Several short chains from 5 to 7 dancers who stand side by side, hand in hand, arms along the body, forearm raised in front, perpendicular to the body axis. Men spend their arms over those of women (or left arm below, right arm above)

A man leads the chain (lo qui mia), another firm (lo qui toca). The other dancers are divided on the chain, rather per couple, but not necessarily.

The movement goes clockwise. Chain slightly arched forward, each to be able to see the other dancers. Its evolution is tonic, stretching and shrinking like a spring, a cycle of a roundeau step, through the combined action of the leader and the one who toca.

Rondeau chain has steps, or motor units, taking support on four measures of the melody. Combining long and short periods, it has a shift to the left on the first two steps, followed by a dance sequence on the spot on the following two measures.

The steps and rhythmic structure depends according to the region and even between villages.


Rond de Saint-Vincent

The “Rond de Saint-Vincent” is an old dance coming from Bretagne, from Saint-Vincent-sur-Oust in Morbihan. Once rather confidential, it was popularized during the 90s and nowadays, the Rond de Saint-Vincent is one of the most practiced dance in fest-noz and bal folk.

It is danced in a circle, holding the little finger. The rond rotates in the solar direction (the clockwise) narrowing then widening.

Arm movements:

The arms are stiff and ride in to the rhythm of music.

Arms halfway up on front;

arms are extended in front of you to the horizontal;

then arms are folded, elbows along the body and hands at shoulder height, the arms are lowered.

Feet movements:

Left foot slips into the circle marking progress towards the left

right foot beyond the left foot in the same direction

again towards the left foot in the rear direction of the line of dance,

right foot back behind left and one on the back and start circle

Overall movement

The round makes a closing movement inwardly on the first 2 steps (marked with a clockwise rotation), and reopens the following 2 steps (with less rotation in the same direction), thus returning to its beginning shape. To illustrate this specific movement Round Saint Vincent, is often compared to a flower that opens and closes.

Dancers who particularly appreciate the round Saint Vincent dancing like little round, rather than how big circle circus circle.


POLKA

The polka originated from some of the dances popular in Bohemia (Czech Republic).

The origin of the dance is shrouded in legend. The most likely hypothesis is from the Bohemian historic Alfred Waldau:

“The music teacher Jesep Neruda, who taught in Prague, he found himself once watching a peasant dance and song. He retraced its steps and that melody which came up with a dance polka in fact, that he launched  out first in Prague and then in Baden, where he acheived an incredible success. ”

In 1835 he included the polka in the repertoire of a Bohemian military band. The success of the dance subsequently infected the whole of Europe.

The word “polka” derives from “pulka,” Czech word for “half”, referring to the step “chasse” used as a basic step in the dance.

The polka is a festive and easy dance to learn for its upbeat tempo, steady rythm and overwhelming character.

It’s simple step is popular among dancers “newcomers”.

Nothing better than a small polka to revive an evening a little ‘sluggish!

Match from Prague, the polka quickly became popular in other European capitals as to make the shadow of waltz.


PLINN

Origin: Pays FANCH – Saint Nicolas du Pelem (Brittany).

 

Other names of Plinn: Dans Plinn, Plin, FANCH, “Dans Plon” and “Dans Plean.”

 

The term Plinn means: simple, continuous, regular, while originally the word meant, to be flat or plate.

The dance Plinn came from a technique used to „break the ground“ and dancing it is mingled with pleasure.

Originally the “dans Plinn” was accompanied by “kan diskan” which in Breton means “singing and counterpoint.”

It is accompanied by bagpipes, oboe or clarinet.

 

 

COMPOSITION OF THE DANCE

Starting Position: This dance is performed by couples because if it will turn into the Suite Plinn (another variaton of Plinn) during the bal, then you need to be in pairs.

The movement is always in a direction to the left.

The Suite Plinn consists three parts:

The Dans,

Le Bal,

The Dans.

If the music varies between the first and the third part, the pace of The Dans remains the same.