The Polska seems to be the oldest dance collected in Sweden. This musical form found his roots in Sweden in the seventeenth century.
Famous Swedish dance, Polska is a couple dance composed of two parts: the procession, where couples walk one behind the other counterclockwise, and the turning part.
Dancers must tame this curious three times rythm where the emphasis is on time 1 and 3 of the measure. Time 2 is a suspension. It moves across regions, according to the music within the measurement.
The couple walks through in two steps. The boy, for example, does a walk step on the left foot at time 1, then a second step with the right foot on the third time, and continues as much as he wants.
Regarding the turns, the boy must have the initiative. He goes in front of his partner back to the common direction. The embracing couple turns clockwise on the tree time rythm and progresses as the promenade counterclockwise. The feet are between each other which allows a stable rotation.
This is a quiet dance, step are suspended, the movement is fluent, smooth.
What matters in this dance is the complicity, the relationship to the partner. It must be constantly listen to adjust. The relationship with music, movement of other couples in the room require utmost attention.
Polska music usually have structure of 4, 6, 10 measures with additional measures at the end of sentences. The tempo is slow.
The violin is the instrument most prevalent in Scandinavian folk music, there are many types of flutes (including harmonic flutes) include also nikelharpa, clarinet. Nowadays we can add the diatonic accordion.
The polska is a difficult dance you have to learn, re-learn again and again before mastering it and having a pleasure to dance it…